Sunday, 27 May 2012

year 6 Grammar - Tenses


Tenses

We uses different tenses to show when an action happens.
  1. The Simple Present Tense

    1. The simple present tense take two verb forms.
    with s for singular subject (HeSheItDaud) except I and You
    without s for plural subjects (WeTheyJoe and Laili) and also I and You
      Examples
    He
    She
    It
    Farid
    enjoys
    likes
    music.
    I
    You
    We
    They
    Zalia and Latifah
    enjoys
    like
      More examples:

      1. He enjoys collecting stamps.
      1. You run fast.
      1. She sings in the band.
      1. We watch television at night.
      1. Wendy writes very neatly.
      1. They sell vegetables at the market.
      1. The dog barks at cats.
      1. Mariam and Sabariah carry a lot of books to school.
      1. like to eat ice cream.
    The forms of the verb "to be" in the simple present tense.
      Read the table below.
    Iamhungry.
    tired.
    clever.
    You
    We
    They
    Sam and Badrul
    are
    He
    She
    It
    Ghazali
    is
      We use:
    am only for I
    is for all singular subjects (hesheitFarid) except you
    are for the singular subject you and for all plural subjects (wetheyyouSamy and Jasmine)
      Examples
      1. am hungry.
      1. Daud is the tallest boy in class.
      1. She is ten years old.
      1. It is a very greedy cat.
      1. They are late for class.
      1. You are lucky to win the first prize.
      1. We are all happy to meet you.
      1. Chee Soon and Marlina are friends.
    The form of the verb "have" in the Simple Present Tense.
      Read the table below.
    I
    You
    We
    They
    Simrit and Jason
    havesome food.
    He
    She
    It
    Edward
    has
      We use:
    have with plural subjects (wetheyyouSunny and Sumitha) and also for the
    singular subjects I and You
    has with singular subjects (hesheitFred)
      Examples
        1. have some interesting storybooks.
        2. You have a letter from your pen pal.
        3. They have a Bahasa Malaysia test on Tuesday.
        4. Salina and Ramli have a new car.

        5. He has three cats and a goldfish.
        6. She has the newest toys.
        7. It has two leaves.
        8. Gary has a lot of coins from England.
    The forms of the verb "do" in the simple present tense
      Read the table below.
    IYou
    We
    They
    Khalid and Fauzi
    dothe exercises.
    He
    She
    It
    Danny
    does
      We use:
    do with plural subjects (wetheyyouHenry and Devan) and also for the singular subjects I and you.
    does with singular subjects (hesheitFred)
      Examples
        1. do not like eating mangoes.
        2. You do go to the cinema often.
        3. We do all our homework in the afternoon.
        4. They do all the packing in the factory.
        5. Tahir and his uncle do not want to go for the party.

        6. She does her best to please her father.
        7. She does not want to play football.
        8. It does not like to eat fish.
        9. James does his exercises in the morning.
    1. We use the simple present tense:
    for actions that take place at the time whesn we are talking about them
      Examples
        1. Jalil is in his office.
        2. My brother stays with our uncle in Ipoh.
        3. live at No. 2 Jalan Nilam.
    to show a habit or some actions we repeat
      Examples
        1. I wash my face every night.
        2. He goes to school by bus.
        3. We play football on Saturdays.
    to show a fact or a truth
      Examples
        1. The sun rises in the east.
        2. The young of mammals drink milk.
    to show a future happening or action
      Examples
        1. He leaves for Perlis tomorrow.
        2. We hope to win the competition.
        3. The campaign starts next week.
    when we give instructionsdirections and commands
      Examples
        1. Take the right turn after the post office.
        2. Cut the paper into two.

  1. The Past Continuous Tense
    1. The form of the Past Continuous Tense is as follows:
    verb "to be" + verb + ing
    (was/were)
      Examples
        1. was eating
        1. were dreaming
        1. was rising
        1. were climbing
        Read the table below.
      I
      He
      She
      It
      Norman
      was sleeping
      was eating
      at ten o'clock last night.
      You
      We
      They
      The Children
      were sleeping
      were eating
      1. We use the Past Continuous Tense to show:
      that two past actions were happening at the same time
        Examples
          1. was reading while she was talking to Elaine.
          2. We were studying while Edwin was listening to the radio.
          3. He was cooking while they were searching for their keys.
          4. The cow was mooing while the sheep was bleating.
      that the action happened while another was still going ond
        Examples
          1. was reading when she fell down.
          2. He was giving her work when I came into the office.
          3. They were playing when their mother called them in.
          4. Ramli was cutting the bread when Zakian screamed.
      that something was a past habit

      Examples
          1. We were always quarrelling when we were young.
          2. He was always playing football when they stayed in Ipoh.
          3. They were often missing breakfast because they got up late.
          4. Rani was always biting her nails when she was a teenager.
      a past action that happened over a period of time
        Examples
          1. was washing my clothes for two hours this morning.
          2. They were painting the house all day yesterday.
          3. Sarah was cleaning the kitchen the whole morning.
          4. The dog was barking the whole night long.
      LIST OF ADVERBS ACCORDING TO THE DEGREES OF COMPARISON
      Simple PresentSimple PastContinuousPast Participle Form
      add
      agree
      allow
      am/is
      arrange
      arrive
      are
      bake
      bark
      bathe
      bear
      beat
      become
      begin
      bite
      blow
      breathe
      break
      bring
      build
      burst
      buy
      care
      carry
      catch
      cause
      change
      clap
      close
      come
      complete
      copy
      cost
      cry
      cut
      dance
      decorate
      die
      divede
      deal
      dig
      do
      draw
      dream
      drink
      drive
      drop
      eat
      enter
      escape
      fall
      feed
      fight
      find
      finish
      fit
      forget
      forgive
      freeze
      get
      give
      go
      grow
      hand
      hang (something)
      hang (someone)
      has/have
      hear
      hide
      hit
      hold
      hope
      hurry
      hurt
      join
      keep
      kneel
      know
      laugh
      lay
      lead
      leave
      let
      lie (down)
      lie
      live
      lose
      make
      marry
      meet
      move
      pay
      put
      read
      reply
      ride
      ring
      rise
      run
      say
      see
      sell
      send
      set
      sew
      shake
      shine
      shoot
      show
      shut
      sing
      sink
      sit
      sleep
      speak
      spend
      added
      agreed
      allowed
      was
      arranged
      arrived
      were
      baked
      barked
      bathed
      bore
      beat
      became
      began
      bit
      blew
      breathed
      broke
      brought
      built
      burst
      bought
      cared
      carried
      caught
      caused
      changed
      clapped
      closed
      came
      completed
      copied
      cost
      cried
      cut
      danced
      decorate
      died
      divided
      dealt
      dug
      did
      drew
      dreamt
      drank
      drove
      dropped
      ate
      entered
      escaped
      fell
      fed
      fought
      found
      finished
      fitted
      forgot
      forgave
      froze
      got
      gave
      went
      grew
      handed
      hung
      hanged
      had
      heard
      hid
      hit
      held
      hoped
      hurried
      hurt
      joined
      kept
      knelt
      knew
      laughed
      laid
      led
      left
      let
      lay
      lied
      lived
      lost
      make
      married
      met
      moved
      paid
      put
      read
      replied
      rode
      rang
      rose
      ran
      said
      saw
      sold
      sent
      set
      sewed
      shook
      shone/shined
      shot
      showed
      shut
      sang
      sank
      sat
      slept
      spoke
      spent
      adding
      agreeing
      allowing
      being
      arranging
      arriving
      being
      baking
      barking
      bathing
      bearing
      beating
      becoming
      beginning
      biting
      blowing
      breathing
      breaking
      bringing
      building
      bursting
      buying
      caring
      carrying
      catching
      causing
      changing
      clapping
      closing
      coming
      completing
      copying
      cost
      crying
      cutting
      dancing
      decorating
      dying
      dividing
      dealing
      digging
      doing
      drawing
      dreaming
      drinking
      driving
      dropping
      eating
      entering
      ascaping
      falling
      feeding
      fighting
      finding
      finishing
      fitting
      forgetting
      forgiving
      freezing
      getting
      giving
      going
      growing
      handing
      hanging
      hanging
      having
      hearing
      hidding
      hitting
      holding
      hoping
      hurrying
      hurting
      joining
      keeping
      kneeling
      knowing
      laughing
      laying
      leading
      leaving
      letting
      lying
      lying
      living
      losing
      making
      marring
      meeting
      moving
      paying
      putting
      reading
      replying
      riding
      ringing
      rising
      running
      saying
      seeing
      selling
      sending
      setting
      sewing
      shaking
      shining
      shooting
      showing
      shutting
      singing
      sinking
      sitting
      sleeping
      speaking
      spending
      added
      agreed
      allowed
      been
      arranged
      arrived
      been
      baked
      barked
      bathed
      borne
      beaten
      become
      begun
      bitten
      blown
      breathed
      broken
      brought
      built
      burst
      bought
      cared
      carried
      caught
      caused
      changed
      clapped
      closed
      come
      completed
      copied
      cost
      cried
      cut
      danced
      decorated
      died
      divided
      dealt
      dug
      done
      drawn
      dreamt
      drunk
      driven
      dropped
      eaten
      entered
      escaped
      fallen
      fed
      fought
      found
      finished
      fitted
      forgotten
      forgiven
      frozen
      gotten
      given
      gone
      grown
      handed
      hung
      hanged
      had
      heard
      hidden
      hit
      held
      hoped
      hurried
      hurt
      joined
      kept
      knelt
      known
      laughed
      laid
      led
      left
      let
      lain
      lied
      lived
      lost
      made
      married
      met
      moved
      paid
      put
      read
      replied
      ridden
      rung
      risen
      run
      said
      seen
      sold
      sent
      set
      sewn
      shaken
      shone/shined
      shot
      shown
      shut
      sung
      sunk
      sat
      slept
      spoken
      spent

    1. The Present Continuous Tense
      1. The form of the present continuous tense is as follows:
      verb "to be" + verb + -ing
      (am/are/is)
      Examples
      am sleepingis walkingare writing
        Read the table below.
      Iamrunning.
      walking.
      We
      You
      They
      The teachers
      are
      He
      She
      It
      Shamsul
      is
      1. We use the Present Continuous Tense to show that:
      something is happening at the time of speaking
        Examples
          1. He is washing the car now.
          2. She is attending a meeting out of town.
          3. They are sitting for their test now.
          4. I am listening to my favourite singer.
      an action is happening over a period of time
        Examples
          1. Maimunah is writing another book this year.
          2. He is training to become a mechanic.
          3. We are taking four subjects for our examination.
          4. They are studying to become doctors.
      an action is planned for the future
        Examples
          1. am going to Johor Bahru next week.
          2. He is teaching a new class next month.
          3. We are meeting my father tonight.
          4. They are camping on Gunung Ledang next Thursday.
      an action that is often repeated or is a habit
        Examples
          1. They are always fighting lately.
          2. My mother is often talking about you.
          3. We are always eating fried rice.
          4. am often telling her the answers.

    1. The Simple Paste Tense
      1. The forms of the verb in the Simple Past Tense are as follows:
      -ed is added to the verb to form the Past Tense
        Examples
        Simple Present TenseSimple Paste Tense
        wash
        talk
        play
        washed
        talked
        played
      the verb is spelt differently from the verb in the Simple Present Tense
        Examples
        Simple Present TenseSimple Past Tense
        break
        sleep
        do
        have
        fly
        lay
        broke
        slept
        did
        had
        flew
        laid
      the form of the verb is not changed. It is the same as the verb in the Present Tensese
        Examples
        Simple Present TenseSimple Past Tense
        cut
        hit
        put
        read
        cut
        hit
        put
        read
          Read the table below.
        Icleanedthe garden last week.
        You
        We
        Theybrokethe vase yesterday.
        He
        Shecutthe branches.
        Rahim
        1. We use the Simple Past Tense to show that an action:
        happened in the past or no longer happens
          Examples
            1. They stayed with us last week.
            2. He studied in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
            3. He studied in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
            4. cut my finger last night.
        has been finished or completed
          Examples
            1. The war ended yesterday.
            2. wrote him a letter last week.
            3. He blew all the balloons by himself.
            4. We finished all the drinks.

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